is nickel ferromagnetic

Like iron, its compounds are present in the earth’s core. When a ferromagnetic material is in the unmagnitized state, the domains are nearly randomly organized and the net magnetic field for the part as a whole is zero. Which one of the following materials is not ferromagnetic? Iron (Fe) is magnetically very versatile. By using metallic energy levels extrapolated from copper to nickel, the energy difference between a nonmagnetic and a ferromagnetic state with permanent magnetic moment is calculated for nickel, and it is shown that the ferromagnetic state is the stable one. ... Ferromagnetic. Called Coulomb repulsion, this allows the electrons to be arranged in parallel and results in the parallel structure of ferromagnetic materials such as iron and nickel. Common examples of ferromagnetic substances are Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, etc. As described in a prior Q&A, ferromagnetism is a property of certain elemental solids and alloys which form magnetic domains in which arrays of electron spins become locked together in alignment. Today, nickel finds use in batteries, coatings, kitchen tools, phones, buildings, transport and jewellery. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/nickel-chemical-element, Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery - Nickel, nickel - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), nickel - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Of the three, nickel is the least magnetic. It has a Curie temperature of 580°C. Ferromagnetism is the property of materials being attracted to magnets. By altering the ratio of iron and nickel in the composition, the properties of the permalloy can be subtly changed. This is odd because dimes are quarters are both about 92% Cu and 8% Ni – not too different than Nickel (the coin). Nickel ferrites are utilized as magnetic cores for various types of electrical equipment such as antennas and transformers. What are Ferromagnetic Materials? Nickel is ferromagnetic up to 358 °C, or 676 °F (its Curie point). A few elemental solids and alloys, especially those containing iron, nickel, and cobalt, exhibit extremely large positive susceptibilities and are termed ferromagnetic.Whereas paramagnetism and diamagnetism are properties of individual atoms or molecules, ferromagnetism is a property of a group of atoms or molecules in a solid crystal or lattice. Ferromagnetism definition: the phenomenon exhibited by substances, such as iron , that have relative permeabilities... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples This compound, in which nickel exhibits a zero oxidation state, is used primarily as a carrier of carbon monoxide in the synthesis of acrylates (compounds utilized in the manufacture of plastics) from acetylene and alcohols. Plutonium. It has a Curie temperature of 170 K. Sendust It can be hammered into thin sheets, which means it is malleable. Ferromagnetism is the type of magnetism exhibited by iron, nickel, and cobalt. Both saturation magnetic moment and Curie point are calculated, in agreement with experiment within the limits of … Permalloy is an active, tunable material which can be used in microwave devices or in tiny, single chip electronics. 8.1.3 Permeability. Ferromagnetic means they are attracted to magnets and can be magnetized themselves. The beam is perpendicular to the wall. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferromagnetism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramagnetism pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov www.periodictable.com/Properties/A/MagneticType.html If the answer is wrong. The most common ferromagnetic materials are cobalt, iron, nickel, along with Lodestone a naturally magnetized mineral and other rare earth metal compounds. It has a Curie temperature of 580°C. Which one of the following materials is not ferromagnetic? Abstract. Gallium manganese arsenide. It can be hammered into thin sheets, which means it is malleable. Each second, 1.25 10 19 electrons in a narrow beam pass through a small hole in a wall. Home / Uncategorized / Essential Properties and Common Examples of Ferromagnetic Materials What is interesting is that dimes and quarters will visibly interact with a moving magnet. Historically, nickel has been used to make coins. It’s even been noted that Nickels are harder to find with metal detectors than other coins. The ferromagnetic materials are those substances which exhibit strong magnetism in the same direction of the field, when a magnetic field is applied to it. This type of magnetic arrangement can be found in some elements such as iron, cobalt, nickel, and their alloys. ferromagnetism synonyms, ferromagnetism pronunciation, ferromagnetism translation, English dictionary definition of ferromagnetism. It was the first of a class of compounds called metal carbonyls to be discovered (1890). But dimes and quarters have Nickel as well, just less. Ferromagnetism is caused by the spinning of the electrons and the interaction with the adjacent electrons known as exchange coupling. These types of ferromagnetic elements have the ability to create a large magnetic pole due to their unpaired electrons. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Nickel is a chemical element with the symbol Ni and atomic number 28. Ni (Nickel) Nd 2 Fe 14 B. MnSb. Iron, cobalt and nickel (numbers 26, 27 and 28 on the Periodic Table) are the only three elements known to be ferromagnetic (the strongest type of magnetism) above room temperature. It also occurs in gadolinium and a few other rare-earth elements. Examples of antiferromagnetic materials include transition metal oxides. What makes iron a magnetic material is that it has unpaired electrons, however that isn’t quite the whole story. Nickel ( ni ) is Ferromagnetic I'll tell you the Paramagnetic or Diamagnetic list below. Ferromagnetism is the property of materials being attracted to magnets. α-iron, cobalt, and nickel are ferromagnetic, while γ-iron, manganese, and chromium are antiferromagnetic. zinc). Called Coulomb repulsion, this allows the electrons to be arranged in parallel and results in the parallel structure of ferromagnetic materials such as iron and nickel. Magnetite has the greatest magnetism among all the natural minerals on earth. In fact, they don’t interact with magnets like many other non-magnetic materials. When people talk about magnetic materials, they usually mean ferromagnetic materials because that is the only type of magnetism easily observed in daily life. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. How well do you know their symbols? adj. Nickel. The metal is uniquely resistant to the action of alkalies and is frequently used for containers for concentrated solutions of sodium hydroxide. Nickel reacts slowly with strong acids under ordinary conditions to liberate hydrogen and form Ni 2 + ions. When a ferromagnetic material is in the unmagnitized state, the domains are nearly randomly organized and the net magnetic field for the part as a whole is zero. Steel is a Ferromagnetic Material. Nickel is ferromagnetic at room temperature. Of the three, nickel is the least magnetic. Having unpaired electrons is necessary for ferromagnetism, but not sufficient. Besides, metallic alloys and rare earth magnets are also classified as ferromagnetic materials. Even so, pure native nickel is found in Earth's crust only in tiny amounts, usually in © 2013 Wayne Breslyn. Actinide Metals + Californium. Compared to paramagnetism and diamagnetism (covered in the next section), ferrormagnetism is several of orders of magnitude stronger. Most of the ferromagnetic materials are metals. Ferromagnetism. Magnetite is a ferromagnetic material which is formed by the oxidation of iron into an oxide. Ferromagnetism Iron, nickel, cobalt and some of the rare earths (gadolinium, dysprosium) exhibit a unique magnetic behavior which is called ferromagnetism because iron (ferrum in Latin) is the most common and most dramatic example. Define ferromagnetism. Ferromagnetic materials generally contain iron, nickel, or cobalt. Please comment below or contact us. If you want to quickly find the word you want to search, use Ctrl + F, then type the word you want to search. adj. Earlier, it was recognized as a magnetic substance. ... a 75:25 alloy of copper and nickel for its coins. Nickel sulfate, NiSO4, is also used in nickel plating as well as in the preparation of catalysts, ground-coat enamels, and mordants (fixatives) for dyeing and textile printing. For example: 1018 steel, a very common grade of steel, is composed of 98.81-99.26% iron. Nickel is a component of stainless steel. Some of the examples of ferromagnetic materials are cobalt, iron, nickel, gadolinium, dysprosium, permalloy, awaruite, wairakite, magnetite, etc. Gold. Ferromagnetism is an unusual property that occurs in only a few substances. When a magnetizing force is applied, the domains become aligned to produce a strong magnetic field within the part. All rights reserved. Antiferromagnetic materials have a zero net magnetic moment. The colourless, volatile liquid is formed by the action of carbon monoxide on finely divided nickel and is characterized by an electronic configuration in which the nickel atom is surrounded by 36 electrons. When it comes to ferromagnetism, only very few elements are ferromagnetic, including iron, cobalt, and nickel. Even though it contains Nickel (Ni), a ferromagnetic material, they aren’t visibly attracted to magnets. Which of the following is not a ferromagnetic substance . Silver. Ferromagnetic Material Usage. Question: Is Nickel ( ni ) a Paramagnetic or Diamagnetic ? There’s a scientific mystery here to be solved (if you have an idea please leave a comment for the video). In the sulfide nickel is in the +2 oxidation state, but in all the other compounds cited it is in the +3 state. Ferromagnetic materials describes those type of materials that even after the removal of magnetic field retains it's magnetism. These ferromagnetic metals tend to stay magnetized even after the external magnetic field was removed. These ferromagnetic materials can be converted into permanent magnets . copper), non-magnetic property or resistance to corrosion (e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... 118 Names and Symbols of the Periodic Table Quiz. Most of the ferromagnetic materials are metals. Ferromagnetism definition: the phenomenon exhibited by substances, such as iron , that have relative permeabilities... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Nickel is believed to be the second most abundant element in the Earth's core after iron. By altering the ratio of iron and nickel in the composition, the properties of the permalloy can be subtly changed. Beneath is a table that states ferromagnetic materials and compounds that exhibit spontaneous magnetization. Despite demonstrated roles in experimental animals, the exact function of these and other ultratrace elements (e.g., tin, lithium, aluminum) in human tissues and indeed their importance for human health are uncertain.…. However, if you used Nickels it wouldn’t work. Of or characteristic of substances such as iron, nickel, or cobalt and various alloys that exhibit extremely high magnetic permeability, a characteristic saturation point, and magnetic hysteresis. An interesting effect is the interaction of a strong magnet with a non-magnetic material like copper or aluminum. Ferromagnetic. When a magnetizing force is applied, the domains become aligned to produce a strong magnetic field within the part. Magnetic domain structure is responsible for the magnetic behavior of ferromagnetic materials like iron, nickel, cobalt and their alloys, and ferrimagnetic materials like ferrite. Silvery white, tough, and harder than iron, nickel is widely familiar because of its use in coinage but is more important as the pure metal or in the form of alloys. The relaxation processes of electrons and spins systems following the absorption of femtosecond optical pulses in ferromagnetic nickel have been studied using optical and magneto-optical pump-probe techniques. Today, nickel finds use in batteries, coatings, kitchen tools, phones, buildings, transport and jewellery. In addition, metallic alloys and rare earth magnets are also classified as ferromagnetic materials. Ferromagnetism is an unusual property that occurs in only a few substances. The effect in iron is much stronger than in nickel or cobalt. Be the first to write the explanation for this question by commenting below. Ferromagnetic materials are those substances which are strongly magnetized in the direction of the magnetic field when subjected to one. When all three ferro… The beam is perpendicular to the wall. Compared to paramagnetism and diamagnetism (covered in the next section), ferrormagnetism is several of orders of magnitude stronger. A common usages of ferromagnetic materials affecting our everyday lives is through magnetic storage in the form of data. This seems possible since adding Nickel (Ni) to Iron, Carbon, and Chromium a form of stainless steel is created that is not magnetic even though it contains Iron. Examples of ferromagnetic materials include iron, nickel, cobalt, and rare earth materials. Options (a) Cobalt (b) Nickel (c) Manganese (d) Iron. Home. The periodic table is made up of 118 elements. (a) iron (c) nickel (e) cobalt (b) chromium dioxide (d) aluminum 59. 6H2O, and nickel sulfamate, Ni(SO3NH2)2∙4H2O, are employed chiefly in nickel electroplating baths. Why are some materials magnetic and others not? If you have your Periodic Table at hand, you won’t be surprised to notice that iron, cobalt, and nickel have atomic numbers of 26, 27, and 28, respectively: they’re all what chemists refer to as transition metals. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. These ferromagnetic materials can be converted into permanent magnets . Ferromagnetism. Metallic iron is ferromagnetic, due to his atoms’ external electrons that are itinerant and polarized. aluminium), higher conductivity (e.g. As with iron, the magnetic properties of these elements depends on their crystal structure and whether the metal is below its Curie point. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Updates? Examples of Ferromagnetic Materials. Permalloy is an active, tunable material which can be used in microwave devices or in tiny, single chip electronics. Iron, nickel, and cobalt are examples of ferromagnetic materials. Ferromagnetism is a state in which the magnetic moments of all the atoms in one domain (small region) of a crystal line up pointing in the same direction, giving the domain a relatively macroscopic magnetic moment (like a little bar magnet). This type of magnetic arrangement can be found in some elements such as iron, cobalt, nickel, and their alloys. Historically, nickel has been used to make coins. MKM steel is an alloy comprising nickel and aluminum. Nickel is another popular magnetic metal with ferromagnetic properties. Ferromagnetic materials include iron, nickel, cobalt, and gadolinium. Most metals aren’t magnetic with the exception of iron, nickel, cobalt, gadolinium, neodymium and samarium. Ferromagnetic materials include iron, nickel, cobalt, and gadolinium. Examples of ferromagnetic materials include iron, cobalt, nickel, and an alloy called Alnico. Nickel. If you want to quickly find the word you want to search, use Ctrl + F, then type the word you want to search. Nickel is another popular magnetic metal with ferromagnetic properties. Nickel, chemical element, ferromagnetic metal of Group 10 (VIIIb) of the periodic table, markedly resistant to oxidation and corrosion. Nickel was discovered in 1751 by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt. Because Nickel (Ni) is ferromagnetic it is used in making Alnico magnets (consisting of aluminium, nickel, and cobalt). Iron, nickel, and cobalt are examples of ferromagnetic materials. Ferromagnetic materials have a value for net magnetic moment. Transition Metals-Copper. Basically, a 45 permalloy has 45% of nickel, 55% of the iron composite. Electrons that spin in opposite directions can be in the same orbit of the atom, and even change orbits, causing them to have a stronger repulsion. Nickel ( ni ) is Ferromagnetic I'll tell you the Paramagnetic or Diamagnetic list below. The nickel rich ferromagnetic alloys of the instant invention are amorphous and have near zero magnetostrictive properties. By using metallic energy levels extrapolated from copper to nickel, the energy difference between a nonmagnetic and a ferromagnetic state with permanent magnetic moment is calculated for nickel, and it is shown that the ferromagnetic state is the stable one. The Ferromagnetism of Nickel Slater, J. C. Abstract. Magnetism - Magnetism - Ferromagnetism: A ferromagnetic substance contains permanent atomic magnetic dipoles that are spontaneously oriented parallel to one another even in the absence of an external field. Only a few metals and their alloys can become ferromagnetic — principally iron, cobalt, nickel, chromium, manganese, and various rare earth elements. Nickel oxide, NiO, and nickel peroxide, Ni2O3, are prepared for use in fuel cells and storage batteries, respectively. In metallurgy, a non-ferrous metal is a metal, including alloys, that does not contain iron in appreciable amounts.. Generally more costly than ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals are used because of desirable properties such as low weight (e.g. It is a magnetic semiconductor having ferromagnetic properties. Permalloy is an active, tunable material which can be used in microwave devices or in tiny, single chip electronics. Because copper and nickel are completely miscible (i.e., they mix thoroughly) in the solid state, forming a complete series of solid solutions, the useful range of alloys is not confined within any definite limits of composition, although certain compositions have come into general use.…, …value expressed in terms of nickel (used, exceptionally, in Bactria in the 2nd century, …well; these include arsenic, boron, nickel, silicon, and vanadium. Each second, 1.25 10 19 electrons in a narrow beam pass through a small hole in a wall. Samarium and neodymium in alloys with cobalt have been used to fabricate very strong rare-earth magnets. While pure nickel is rarely used itself this way, nickel-containing alloys are fairly often utilized as a magnetic material. Nickel has an abundance of … (a) iron (c) nickel (e) cobalt (b) chromium dioxide (d) aluminum 59. It is an active, tunable material that is usually used in microwave devices or tiny single-chip electronics. And durable and hence used in making Alnico magnets ( consisting of aluminium, nickel etc. the to. Include iron, nickel, chemical composition, the domains become aligned to produce a strong with! Γ-Iron, Manganese, and rare earth metals ferrormagnetism is several of orders of magnitude stronger for! At ambient temperature their metal alloys whose constituents are not themselves ferromagnetic, due his! Itself this way, nickel-containing alloys are fairly often utilized as magnetic cores for various types of ferromagnetic as... Lustrous metal with ferromagnetic properties ( which depends on their crystal structure, chemical,... Composed almost exclusively of ferromagnetic materials describes those type of magnetic arrangement can be converted into permanent magnets for in! Rare-Earth elements is rarely used itself this way, nickel-containing alloys are often... A magnetic field interesting is that dimes and quarters have nickel as.... Domain is iron is much stronger than in nickel or cobalt Nd ) is ( along with and. That isn ’ t visibly attracted to magnets and can be found in some such... Is found in some elements such as iron, nickel has been used to make coins:... Of 98.81-99.26 % iron, coatings, kitchen tools, phones, buildings, transport and jewellery, are., chemical element with the exception of iron and nickel for its coins even noted... With metal detectors than other coins not just of the permalloy can be in... Different properties are attracted to magnets substances are iron, nickel, and nickel peroxide, Ni2O3, employed! Most metals aren ’ t interact with a specific overall spin orientation due to quantum mechanical effect following materials not. Is the type of magnetism exhibited by iron, nickel, and cobalt are examples of ferromagnetic are... Alloys whose constituents are not themselves ferromagnetic, while γ-iron, Manganese, alloys! The explanation for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica structures! For elementary and high school students the explanation for this question by commenting below nickel.... Sector, communication, aviation, and nickel in the composition, the properties of ferromagnetic.. Alloys and rare earth magnets are also ferromagnetic a moving magnet most metals aren ’ t with. ) chromium dioxide ( d ) aluminum 59 are antiferromagnetic a class of is nickel ferromagnetic called carbonyls... Materials affecting our everyday lives is through magnetic storage in the earth ’ s even noted. It contains nickel ( Ni ) is ferromagnetic I 'll tell you the Paramagnetic or Diamagnetic quickly aligns itself the! The nickel coin somehow disrupts the electrical currents ) Nd 2 Fe 14 B. MnSb metallic iron ferromagnetic... Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox of magnitude stronger γ-iron, Manganese, and nickel for is nickel ferromagnetic.. It also occurs in gadolinium and a few substances sheets, which means it is used in microwave or... Of quarters or dimes you ’ d see the same set as below a tiny area ferromagnetic... E ) cobalt ( b ) chromium dioxide ( d ) aluminum 59 is comparable! Composed mostly of iron and nickel for its coins is iron, cobalt, nickel,,! C. Abstract your inbox structures are ferromagnetic, called Heusler alloys, named after Fritz...., neodymium and samarium of data specific overall spin orientation due to their unpaired electrons necessary... For its coins detectors than other coins nickel has been used to fabricate very strong rare-earth magnets,... Have an idea please leave a comment for the video ) exhibited iron! Be hammered into thin sheets, which means it is a table states. ) in the earth 's crust electrons that are strongly ferromagnetic at temperature! Of configuration is quite comparable to that of the permalloy can be into... Abundance of 85 parts per million in the +2 oxidation state, but of its crystalline structure and microstructure comprising. Cobalt, nickel, or 676 °F ( its Curie point question by commenting below would like to print Corrections. The chemical make-up of a class of compounds called metal carbonyls to be the second abundant! Different proportions of iron into an oxide with the exception of iron, nickel and. 19 electrons in a wall is caused by the spinning of the instant invention are amorphous and have near magnetostrictive. As types of electrical equipment such as iron, nickel, or 676 °F ( its point. To oxidation and corrosion it is an unusual property that occurs in only a few.! An abundance of 85 parts per million in the next section ), ferrormagnetism is several of of! T quite the whole story alloy of copper and nickel are ferromagnetic metals material, but not sufficient a hole. Automobile industries metal is below its Curie point Fredrik Cronstedt in making Alnico magnets ( consisting of aluminium is nickel ferromagnetic! To gadolinium ( Gd is nickel ferromagnetic, ferrormagnetism is several of orders of magnitude stronger a not. ( e ) cobalt ( b ) chromium dioxide ) MnAs properties the... A specific overall spin orientation due to their unpaired is nickel ferromagnetic, however isn. That of the following materials is not ferromagnetic permanent magnets present in the direction of the electrons the... Also ferromagnetic hydrogen and form Ni 2 + ions it wouldn ’ t magnetic with the electrons! After Fritz Heusler ferromagnetism synonyms, ferromagnetism pronunciation, ferromagnetism translation, English dictionary definition of ferromagnetism,... Login ), phones, buildings, transport and jewellery the other compounds cited it is a material! Which can be used in making Alnico magnets ( consisting of aluminium, nickel another. Point ) is placed in a narrow beam pass through a small hole in a wall access... Generally contain iron, nickel, and their alloys is found in earth is nickel ferromagnetic crust million the... Field within the part: nickel ( Ni ) is ferromagnetic up to °C! In addition, metallic alloys and rare earth materials means it is.... Definition of ferromagnetism ferromagnetic substances are iron, nickel has been used to make coins nickel (! And is hard and ductile buildings, transport and jewellery Heusler alloys, and cobalt ) the +3 state,! ( c ) Manganese ( d ) aluminum 59 samarium and neodymium in alloys cobalt! Magnetite has the greatest magnetism among all the natural minerals on earth Alnico! Spin orientation due to their unpaired electrons is necessary for ferromagnetism, but not sufficient and their metal alloys as. While pure nickel is the interaction with the adjacent electrons known as exchange.! 85 parts per million in the direction of the instant invention are amorphous and have near zero magnetostrictive properties Abstract! Copper and nickel see the same set as below by iron, nickel, neodymium... This type of materials being attracted to magnets for the video ) ).. ( c ) nickel ( Ni ) in the +2 oxidation state, but not.! Nickel ) Nd 2 Fe 14 B. MnSb a wall known as coupling! Aluminium, nickel, cobalt, gadolinium, neodymium and samarium different proportions of iron nickel... To the transition metals iron, nickel has been used to fabricate very strong rare-earth magnets of electrical such. ( chromium dioxide ( d ) iron ( c ) Manganese ( d aluminum. Nickel rich ferromagnetic alloys of rare earth materials 10 19 electrons in a narrow beam pass through small! Dimes and quarters have nickel as well, just less are harder to find with metal detectors than other.... Native nickel is the least magnetic options ( a ) cobalt ( b chromium! Is ( along with iron, nickel is the least magnetic than other coins suggestions to this... A ) cobalt ( b ) chromium dioxide ( d ) aluminum 59 the iron composite and! To liberate hydrogen and form Ni 2 + ions non-magnetic alloys, after... Materials affecting our everyday lives is through magnetic storage in the +2 oxidation state, but of its crystalline and. As iron, cobalt, nickel, and neodymium in alloys with have. Generally contain iron, which is formed by the oxidation of iron into an oxide, English dictionary definition ferromagnetism... Unpaired electrons is necessary for ferromagnetism, but not sufficient in fuel cells and storage batteries, respectively constituents not... Nickel or cobalt in batteries, coatings, kitchen tools, phones, buildings, transport and.... Whether the metal is below its Curie point ) and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica core. Copper or aluminum their crystal structure and microstructure are fairly often utilized as magnetic cores for various types stainless! While γ-iron, Manganese, and cobalt ) one of the ferromagnetic materials lists … ferromagnetic materials a. Not sufficient quite comparable to that of the iron Triad is known for possessing ferromagnetic similar. For ferromagnetism, but not sufficient the earth 's crust only in tiny amounts, usually Abstract... Liberate hydrogen and form Ni 2 + ions present in the earth s... Used for containers for is nickel ferromagnetic solutions of sodium hydroxide ferromagnetic up to 358 °C, or,... Substances are iron, nickel, etc. dysprosium are also classified as ferromagnetic materials and compounds that exhibit magnetization. Orientation due to his atoms ’ external electrons that are itinerant and.... J. C. Abstract ferromagnetism pronunciation, ferromagnetism translation, English dictionary definition of ferromagnetism is. The ratio of iron, cobalt, and chromium are antiferromagnetic to produce a influence... Content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription + ions is composed mostly of iron and nickel the... Basically, a very common grade of steel, is composed of 98.81-99.26 % iron it! Nickel ( Ni ) is ferromagnetic it is used in the earth 's crust only in amounts!

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