Organization and Training 1943-1944. Heinz Hagendorf, a medical NCO, was post-war sentenced to six month for firing at American soldiers from a Red Cross marked ambulance at Henyelez, Belgium, in January 1945. On 1 October 1944, the Hohenstaufen was transferred to Western Germany to be brought back to division strength. This unit was armed with the nearly impregnable heavy Panzer VI “Tiger” tanks. They fought in the bocage of France, along the dikes of Holland, in the forests of Belgium and the mud of the Eastern Front, and yet the reputation of the original elite divisions overshadows that of the Hohenstaufen. (The invasion of the Soviet Union was called “Unternehmen Barbarossa”. Scarcely was an attack repulsed when the Russians appeared again in another place. The Combat History of the 10th SS Panzer Division "Frundsberg" Chapter 1 Page 4. These men along with their remaining equipment were ordered back to the homeland for reorganization. Initial progress of the attacking divisions was good but the attack soon stalled. First, Hohenstaufen arrived late onto the battlefields of Europe, seeing its first action in the spring of 1944. The 3rd SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf" (German: 3. After the success of the Infanterie-Regiment (mot.) Sie waren vor allem deshalb dort konzentriert, da die norddeutsche Tiefebene als ideales Einsatzgebiet für Panzer … , One motivating factor for these conscripts to stick it out may have been the veteran leadership cadre of officers and NCO's gathered to form Hohenstaufen's core. To answer the second question regarding whether Hohenstaufen deserves to be considered an elite unit, one must first define what attributes are commonly associated with the elite Waffen SS formations. The separately organised Allgemeine SS was responsible for the administration of death camps, although many members of it and the SS-Totenkopfverbände subsequently became members of the Waffen-SS, forming the initial core of the Totenkopf Division.  It was a rigorous training program that emphasized sport, physical fitness, and above all, field craft. The title of elite often revolved around organizations starting from a base of highly motivated volunteers chosen for their high standards of physical fitness. Shortly before the divisional commander received his new assignment in Finland to command the 6th SS-Gebirgs-Division "Nord", Debes prepared a second detailed memo that quantified the fruits of his labor, or lack thereof. Melting snow and sudden rains turned the roads into a morass, nearly impassable by most wheeled vehicles and extremely difficult for even the tracked SPWs. Nevertheless, given their superb hitting power and armored protection, the panzer crews arrived in Normandy full of confidence. SS-Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen") was a Waffen-SS armoured division of Nazi Germany during World War II.It participated in battles on both the Eastern and Western Fronts. The Regiment “Hohenstaufen” had been defeated, but not destroyed as a fighting unit. The 9th SS Panzer division was involved in the brutal fighting around the city of Caen and perhaps most notably the bloody combat to seize and hold the critically important heights along Hill 112. With little opportunity to do more than react to the incessant pressure brought by the Allies the grenadiers of the 9th SS Hohenstaufen found themselves in a deadly war of attrition. They were motivated, well trained, superbly equipped, and although they lacked combat experience, were led by veteran NCOs and officers who were returning to face an old enemy. The 7th Panzer Division is sometimes known by its nickname, Ghost Division. Lo. The young soldiers of the Hohenstaufen received their baptism of fire on the Eastern Front. The complete superiority of the Allies gradually reduced the combat effectiveness of all the Waffen SS divisions in Normandy. Replacements arrived from the SS replacement units, and many of the original volunteers returned from hospitals after having been wounded in Normandy. Each of the SS panzer divisions listed above displayed the attributes associated with those of elite organizations. Unfortunately for the Allies the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen had been specially trained to counter airborne landings as part of their preparation to defeat the Allied invasion of France. War crimes Soldiers of the division allegedly executed an unknown number of black prisoners of war from the 12th Senegalese Tirailleurs regiment in mid-June 1940.  On 10 September, the Hohenstaufen was ordered to turn over its remaining operational vehicles to its sister unit, the remnants of SS Panzer Division Frundsberg. Although his attacks were always preceded by heavily massed artillery barrages lasting for hours, his tanks and infantrymen advanced only hesitatingly and very carefully and having suffered some casualties or losses, immediately turned around to have the artillery go into action again. 1944) SS-Hauptsturmführer Walter Uhlmann (? Immediately upon notification, the quick reaction companies of the Hohenstaufen organized themselves for action. On 6 June 1944, while the Hohenstaufen was refitting in the Ukraine, allied forces began the invasion of Normandy, and opened a second front in the West. These NCOs and officers were for the most part veterans who had come from the other Waffen SS divisions. The 1977 movie "A Bridge Too Far", based on the book by Cornelius Ryan, directed by Richard Attenborough tells the story of Operation Market-Garden.The 2002 movie "De tweeling" ("Twin Sisters") directed by Ben Sombogaart includes soldiers wearing the "Hohenstaufen" cuff title.The 2009 board game "Panzerblitz: Hill of Death" designed by Darren Emge and published by Multi-Man Publishing covers the fight for Hill 112 in Normandy (Operation Jupiter). Urban combat is routinely a war of attrition and for many German units fighting in Arnhem including the battle groups of the Hohenstaufen, casualties may have been as high as 50%. 7th Panzer Division led by the famous Erwin “Desert Fox” Rommel got the nickname “Ghost Division” in 1940 in the France campaign. During the final days of April 1944, the Hohenstaufen was withdrawn to act as a mobile reserve for Heeresgruppe Nordukraine in anticipation of a renewed Russian offensive. (1)Three American airmen were killed and one severly beaten in retaliation for an air raid near Strassgang, Austria in March 1945. In addition to the standard small arms, mortars, flak batteries, towed artillery, and heavy machine guns, they were equipped with Panzer IV’s, formidable Panzer V “Panthers”, half tracked personnel carries called shutzenpanzerwagen (SPW) some armed with anti-tank guns or rockets, and mobile artillery platforms such as the 10.5cm “Wespe” and the 15cm “Hummel”. Composed of criminals expected to die fighting in the front-line, the unit was led by Oskar Dirlewanger . Two grenadier battalions and an artillery battalion were also transferred. Home Tags 21.Panzer-Division. The division was activated in December 1942. Hohenstaufen began its attack as part of Operation Spring Awakening on the morning of 6 March 1945. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg wurden Panzerdivisionen das Kernstück der meisten modernen Armeen.Insbesondere stand sich auf deutschem Gebiet beiderseits der innerdeutschen Grenze eine Massierung von Panzerverbänden gegenüber. War Crimes. 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. The men of the division were German conscripts … Creation and Campaigns of the 9th SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen. 9 “Hohenstaufen”Holders of the Knight's Cross (15, including four unofficial/unconfirmed), SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 19SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 20SS-Panzer Regiment 9SS-Panzer Artillerie Regiment 9SS-Panzer-Aufklärung-Abteilung 9SS-Panzerjäger-Abteilung 9SS-Flak-Abteilung 9SS-Panzer-Pionier-Abteilung 9SS-Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 9SS-Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 9SS-Beobachtungs-Batterie 9SS-Nachschubtruppen 9SS-Panzer-Instandsetzungs-Abteilung 9SS-Wirtschafts-Battalion 9SS-Verwaltungstruppen-Abteilung 9SS-Sanitäts-Kompanien 9SS-FeldlazarettSS-Krankenkraftwagenzug 9SS-Feldpostamt 9SS-Kriegsberichter-Zug 9SS-Feldgendarmerie-Trupp 9SS-Feldersatz-Battalion 9SS-Ausbildungs-Battalion 9, Concentration Camps 22Einsatzgruppen 2(includes officers serving in the Einsatzgruppen or Concentration Camps either prior to or after service in this unit). Havertown: Casemate, 2002.  Operation Market Garden had failed and the soldiers of the Hohenstaufen had won a hard-earned victory. Armor Battles of the Waffen SS, 1943-45. Winnipeg: J.J. Fedorowicz, 1990. Why does Hohenstaufen reside in the shadow of the other divisions, and does it deserve the title of an “elite”? Approximately 1,500 were killed, 2,200 were wounded, and the rest were taken prisoner. The 5. According to Omer Bartov, the 18th Panzer Division was heavily engaged in the looting of food from Soviet civilians to the point that the latter starved to death.At the beginning of the invasion orders were given to execute wounded Soviet soldiers as these were seen as an unnecessary burden. From there, these soldiers received excellent training, were armed with the most modern military weapons and were led by strong, charismatic leaders. These were the last divisions that were able to make use of the relative peace in the West for their training, before the D-Day invasion in June 1944. This formation was to spearhead the last great German offensive in the West. The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen", also known as SS-Panzergrenadier-Division 9, SS-Panzergrenadier-Division 9 Hohenstaufen or 9.SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen, was a German Waffen-SS Armoured division which saw action on both the Eastern and Western Fronts during World War II.The division was activated on the 31 December 1942. 9- Vogel, Erich, 05.12.1944, SS-Obersturmführer, 4./SS-Pz.Rgt. The Allies had won the build up of troops of men and material and had begun expanding their beachhead with a relentless series of assaults that completely upset German timetables. Get the latest updates by adding the RSS feed link to your favorite news reader: -------------------------------------------------------------------. . From the beginning of their training, these leaders impressed upon the recruits that they were members of an elite organization. An SS officer reflected, “These soldiers were thinking about their families, as everything had virtually been packed for the move to Siegen. Tag: 21.Panzer-Division. It consisted of 218 tanks in three battalions, with two rifle regiments, a motorcycle battalion, an engineer battalion, and an anti-tank battalion. It participated in battles on both the Eastern and Western Fronts. The 5th SS Panzer Division "Wiking" (German: 5. In my opinion, elite units included 1st SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hiter, 2nd SS Das Reich, 3rd SS Totenkopf, 5th SS Wiking, 12th SS Hiterjugend, Grossdeutschland , Panzer Lehr and Hermann Goring. The 9th Panzer Division was a panzer division of the Wehrmacht Army during World War II. It was then transferred to Germany and later fought in the Ardennes and Hungary before ending the war in Austria. 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